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Not All Dietary Fiber Is Created Equal

Source: HealthDay

Dietary fiber gets a lot of praise for helping people feel full and for lowering the risk of certain types of disease. Yet many types of dietary fiber exist — and they don’t all work the same, according to a small new study.

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How hypertension and aging impact artery walls: New findings on atherosclerosis pathology

Source: Medical Xpress

New findings show how the progression of atherosclerosis is affected by a combination of hypertension and changes to the stiffness of the artery.

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Lung cancer recurrence: How likely is it, and what are the signs?

Source: Medical News Today

Lung cancer recurrence occurs when doctors detect lung cancer after a period of the disease being undetectable. It means that the cancer has come back after treatment that was successful in the short term. The cancer recurrence rate is different for small cell and non-small cell lung cancers, and the chances of recurrence depend on various factors.

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Diets high in protein, zinc and vitamin B3 boost heart health, study finds

Source: UPI

People who consume a Mediterranean-type diet high in nutrients such as protein, zinc and vitamin B3 may see improvements in heart health, a study presented Tuesday found.

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Immunotherapy plus chemotherapy before surgery improves outcomes for lung cancer patients

Source: Medical Xpress

Adding the immunotherapy drug nivolumab to chemotherapy before surgery (neoadjuvant) for patients with operable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)—the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide—reduced the risk of recurrence of the cancer or death by more than one-third, according to results from the phase III CheckMate-816 trial.

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It takes a heart to make a better lung

Source: Medical Xpress

Interactions between the developing heart and lungs are essential for proper growth and maturation; however, much is still unknown about the co-development of these critical organs. To provide fresh insight, a team of collaborators from CMU and Boston University recently presented the first laboratory model for human heart and lung co-development to help researchers discover new strategies to probe the underlying mechanisms of cardio-pulmonary interactions.

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Coronaviruses and heart health

Source: Medical News Today

A recent review examines the relationship between coronaviruses and the cardiovascular system. Although information about SARS-CoV-2, specifically, is scant, the authors believe that research into other coronaviruses might provide insight.

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Lung cancer death decline associated with screening, earlier diagnosis, and surgery

Source: Medical Xpress

A recent, substantial decline in lung cancer deaths is associated with earlier diagnosis of lung cancer than in the past, supporting the need for increased use of screening to save lives, according to a Mount Sinai study published in JAMA Network Open in December.

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Paranoia vs. Anxiety: What You Need to Know

Source: healthline

While paranoia and anxiety may share some overlapping symptoms and can even co-occur at times, they are not the same. There are important clinical differences between the two disorders.

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The Effect of Smoking on GERD and Acid Reflux

Source: healthline

Heartburn, or acid reflux, is that troublesome burning sensation in your chest due to rising gastric acid. When you experience this condition on a chronic basis, it’s possible that you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). If you smoke, you may be increasing the risk that you’ll develop GERD.

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4 Headache Locations and What They Mean

Source: Verywell Health

Most people will experience a headache at some point in their life. Determining the type of headache a person has is key to knowing how to manage it best. It’s also important for deciding if and when they should seek medical attention.

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After heart attack, cardiac rehab begins road to recovery

Source: Medical Xpress

Your heart is in an incredibly vulnerable state if you’ve suffered a heart attack or are fighting heart failure, and cardiac rehabilitation could be an important part of your recovery.

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‘Stealth’ Omicron is more infectious than Omicron, but vaccines still protect

Source: Medical News Today

Research in Denmark has now confirmed that BA.2 is more transmissible than BA.1 and that vaccination still protects against infection and onward transmission of the virus.

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How Much You Should Exercise for a Healthy Heart

Source: healthessentials (Cleveland Clinic)

Whether you walk around the block or swim 20 laps each morning, there are lots of good reasons to exercise. It helps you feel energized and lessens your stress, but it’s your heart that reaps the most benefits when you get moving.

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Low testosterone levels in women associated with doubled risk of cardiac events

Source: Medical Xpress

A Monash University study has challenged the view that testosterone is bad for women’s hearts, showing that for women aged over 70, having low testosterone levels actually doubles the risk of a cardiac event.

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While understanding causes of cardiovascular diseases, not everyone recognizes their own risks

Source: Medical Xpress

Although many people know what increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks, not everyone recognizes their own risk factors. This is shown by a new study of 423 Swedes aged 40–70 years, which has now been published in the scientific journal Preventive Medicine Reports.

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Midwinter Blues Could Be SAD: An Expert Guide to Treatments

Source: HealthDay

Though the days are getting noticeably longer, if you’re feeling down this winter, you might have a form of depression called seasonal affective disorder, or SAD.

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What to know about vascular disease

Source: Medical News Today

The vascular system refers to the system of blood vessels that transport blood throughout the body. Vascular diseases are diseases that affect the vascular system. They can interfere with blood flow to or from the body’s organs.

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What to know about common vascular procedures and surgeries

Source: Medical News Today

Vascular surgeons diagnose and help people manage conditions that affect circulation, including diseases of the veins and arteries.

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One in five future thyroid cancers linked to excess weight

Source: Science Daily

The prevalence of obesity has doubled in Australia in the last two decades. As a result, overweight and obesity will likely be associated with 10,000 thyroid cancers in the next decade.

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What causes heart palpitations, how common are they, and how do I know they are occurring?

Source: Medical News Today

When a person has heart palpitations, they may notice that their heartbeat does not feel right. Often, heart palpitations are not serious, but they can indicate a condition that needs medical attention.

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Weight loss and heart failure: What is the link?

Source: Medical News Today

Weight loss and heart failure share a connection. People living with heart failure may experience unexpected and extreme weight loss.

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Stress makes life’s clock tick faster but chilling out slows it down

Source: Medical Xpress

According to findings, published in the journal Translational Psychiatry, stress does indeed make life’s clock tick faster—but that individuals can help manage the effects by strengthening their emotion regulation and self-control.

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Back pain: Psychological treatment shown to yield strong, lasting pain relief, alter brain networks

Source: Science Daily

A study of chronic back pain patients finds that more than two-thirds of those who underwent a novel, 4-week psychological treatment were pain-free or nearly pain-free afterward. Those in the treatment group also saw brain regions involved in pain processing quiet. For many, the benefits lasted at least one year.

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Link between long-term exposure to air pollution and fatty liver disease shown

Source: Science Daily

Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a growing global health challenge and poses a substantial economic burden. A large-scale epidemiologic study has identified links between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and MAFLD. These links are exacerbated by unhealthy lifestyles and the presence of central obesity, report scientists.

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Back pain: Why exercise can provide relief and how to do it safely

Source: Medical Xpress

But while you might think you should rest your back if it hurts, being active can actually help relieve your pain and protect you from getting back pain again in the future. This is because our spines are designed to move, bend and lift.

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What causes heart palpitations, how common are they, and how do I know they are occurring?

Source: Medical News Today

When a person has heart palpitations, they may notice that their heartbeat does not feel right. Often, heart palpitations are not serious, but they can indicate a condition that needs medical attention.

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What is a lung nodule?

Source: Medical News Today

A lung nodule is a small growth in the lung. Benign nodules are noncancerous and do not spread to other parts of the body. Malignant nodules are cancerous and can grow or spread quickly.

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Researchers target tumors with intracellular precision

Source: Science Daily

A non-toxic, bacteria-based system can detect when it is inside a cancer cell and then release its payload of therapeutic drugs directly into the cell. The work could lead to effective, targeted therapies for currently untreatable cancers, such as liver or metastatic breast cancer.

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Prior poor mental health is associated with higher COVID-19 infection rates

Source: Medical Xpress

At the height of the pandemic, news and policy media focused on how the COVID-19 pandemic was contributing to poor mental health, a hypothesis confirmed by several studies. However, few studies examined whether the reverse might be true, that prior poor mental health may be associated with higher rates of COVID-19 infection.

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‘Good news’: Healthful plant-based diets lower risk for urological conditions in men

Source: Healio

Men who ate healthy plant-based diets lowered their risk for prostate cancer and erectile dysfunction, according to data from three abstracts that were presented during the virtual American Urological Association meeting.

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Study finds that heartburn drugs may provide unexpected benefits for those with gum disease

Source: Medical Xpress

The use of heartburn medication is associated with decreased severity of gum disease, according to a recent University at Buffalo study.

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Blood vessel inflammation could be switched off by new molecule

Source: Medical Xpress

Scientists are testing whether a new molecule could help switch off the inflammation that worsens cardiovascular diseases. The Heriot-Watt and University of Glasgow team is using real human blood vessel cells to test the molecule in the lab.

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Tele-dentistry a viable option for replacing in-person initial consultations, new study finds

Source: Medical Xpress

A study led by a team of periodontists and psychologists at King’s College London including dentistry consultants at Guy’s Hospital has found that tele-dentistry may be a valid option for first stage triage or follow-up consultations, saving patients attending clinics in person.

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Reducing sugar in packaged foods can prevent disease in millions

Source: Science Daily

Cutting 20 percent of sugar from packaged foods and 40 percent from beverages could prevent 2.48 million cardiovascular disease events (such as strokes, heart attacks, cardiac arrests), 490,000 cardiovascular deaths, and 750,000 diabetes cases in the U.S. over the lifetime of the adult population, according to a new study.

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How relaxing COVID-19 restrictions could pave the way for vaccine resistance

Source: Science Daily

A new article outlines how relaxing Covid-19 restrictions could pave the way for new vaccine-resistant virus mutations. It describes how we are in an ‘arms race’ with the virus and how rising cases could provide opportunities for it to evolve into even more transmissible variants. The researchers say that any new variants could be more virulent, more vaccine resistant, and more dangerous for children and vulnerable groups such as transplant patients.
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Diet, exercise, and sleep affect heart health, but why?

Source: Medical Xpress

Hamburgers may not cause heart attacks, but we have long known that lifestyle choices —including diet, exercise, and sleep patterns—play a role in cardiovascular health. What we don’t know is exactly how these factors actually affect our various bodily functions.

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Heart age test a ‘wake up call’ for those at risk

Source: Science Daily

A new study by Staffordshire University shows that people who understand their ‘heart age’ are more likely to make healthy lifestyle changes.

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Hypertensive emergency: What to know

Source: Medical News Today

A hypertensive emergency is having dangerously high blood pressure that causes complications such as organ failure. Malignant hypertension is one type of hypertensive emergency.

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SVS Develops Recommendations for Popliteal Artery Aneurysms

Source: HealthDay

In a clinical practice guideline issued by the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) and published in the Journal of Vascular Surgery, recommendations are presented for the medical management of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs).

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Eating to Ward Off Heart Disease

Source: HealthDay

Why does your diet matter so much to your heart? Mainly because your blood cholesterol matters. Your choices at the dinner table and the drive-through can help lower the amount of the cholesterol in your blood — and your risks of heart disease and stroke — or send that level soaring.

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How Do CT Scans Detect Pulmonary Embolism?

Source: Healthline

If a doctor suspects you may have a pulmonary embolism (PE), a CT scan is the gold standard of imaging techniques. This painless scan uses intravenous (IV) contrast, a type of dye, to help the doctor identify if you have a blood clot – or multiple blood clots – in your lungs.

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What Are the Benefits of Elevating Your Legs?

Source: Healthline

Many of us spend a lot of our time either sitting or standing. Because of this, it often feels good to kick back and relax once in a while. Sitting or lying down with your legs elevated can have several potential health benefits.

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Arterial Disease Types: Risk Factors, Causes, and Symptoms

Source: Verywell Health

Arterial diseases affect the arteries of your body. When they develop, oxygenated blood doesn’t reach its destination.

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Optimizing Lipid Control for Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease

Source: Cardiology Advisor

A narrative review that was published in the Annals of Vascular Surgery found that patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) have poor lipid control. They also found a pattern of underprescribing adequate lipid-lowering medications.

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